Black, Indigenous, Asian, Arab, and other racialized communities have for decades raised their voices about being stopped disproportionately and without good reason by police. University researchers, investigative journalists, community organizers and official reports have also raised these concerns based on evidence they have collected. Police stop-and-arrest data also show a clear difference in police interactions based on race in Canada. Today, courts in Canada recognize racial profiling.
Many 2SLGBTQI+ individuals, people who experience homelessness, and people with disabilities feel singled out by police, and report being stopped or harassed disproportionately. This is increased for people who face intersecting forms of discrimination (e.g., a racialized person with a disability).